In southeast Africa, a tradition of wrestling from a kneeling (for adult men) or seated (for boys) position employing a single arm developed. As an adjunct to grappling, the Nilotic cultures just south of the Sahara wore bagussa during their ritual wrestling matches.
The Khoikhoi of southwest Africa, although fighting unarmed, engaged in a type of no-holds-barred wrestling, which came closer to the Greek pankration than to the catch-as-cats can amateur style.
|Stick-fighting in ancient Egypt|
Martial art styles can be ‘invented’, transformed and taken in new directions. Possibly the best example of its continuity in change is Egyptian stick fighting.
Using hieroglyphics, detailed descriptions in the Ramesseum Papyrus (1991 BC) of the techniques of the stick-fighting priests of showed all way through to modern ethnographies, while the religious and social contexts had changed radically the art of stick fighting was a constant in Egyptian culture.
Martial arts in Africa